Click on the titles for introductions and to download each lesson.
(Lesson 1: 5 Spheres of Peace)
Towards a Holistic Conception of Peace
This first lesson of the self-study guide will introduce some of the foundational concepts of peace research, including peace, violence, peacebuilding and peacelearning. Students will be encouraged to reflect upon their own understanding of these concepts and the origins of their worldviews of peace and violence. This lesson will also introduce National Peace Academy’s “5 Spheres of Peace,” a holistic model for learning about peace, peacebuilding and “right relationships.” Several peacebuilding and peacelearning processes will also be introduced.
(Lesson 2: Personal Peace 1)
Personal Peace: Building Right Relationship with Self
The personal sphere of peace and right relationship refers to “the awareness of one’s authentic being, and living from and relating to others from that awareness” (Snauwaert, 2008). In the personal sphere, peace requires that we actively strive to establish right relationship with our self. Personal peace is pursued through inquiry into how we manage and act upon our internal conflicts, attitudes, actions, and emotions toward living with integrity.
Lessons 2 and 3 of this self-study guide provide an overview to the personal sphere. Both lessons are based upon peace philosopher Dale Snauwaert’s lecture “Care of the Self and the Development of the Moral Resources as a Foundation to Peacebuilding,” which was presented at National Peace Academy’s Peacebuilding Peacelearning Intensive 2011. This lesson focuses on the first half of Snauwaert’s lecture, exploring our orientation to self and self-identification.
Snauwaert emphasizes the need to develop a conscious presence. In being “present” we find our true self and true authentic being. Conscious presence, pursued through the development of various moral resources and reflexive practices, enables us to be in right relationship with self and others. Right relationship with self, Snauwaert suggests, is the basis of right relationship in all of the other spheres. This relationship of self to others will be explored in the next lesson.
(Lesson 3: Personal Peace 2)
Care of Self as Foundation of Care For Others
Lesson 3 builds upon lesson two, with additional inquiry and reflection on Dale Snauwaert’s lecture “Care of the Self and the Development of the Moral Resources as a Foundation to Peacebuilding.” This lesson focuses on the second half of the lecture, exploring the inner moral resources, abilities and capacities required for nurturing peace with self. Snauwaert suggests that the quality of our consciousness, being, and self determines how we relate to others in all of the 5 spheres.
This lesson will examine this relationship of internal exclusion to external exclusion. It will also look more closely at the various moral resources, abilities and capacities that Snauwaert outlines and invite students to consider their developing their own internal practices.
(Lesson 6: Political Peace 1)
Towards a Living Democracy
Mention of the word “politics” almost always evokes strong reactions. Thoughts turn to partisan gridlock, negative campaign ads, protests, and power struggles. Politics, however, is inclusive of much more than just the institutionalized political order. The NPA 5 Sphere Framework refers to politics as “the sphere of human relationship in which diverse individuals and groups come to- gether to discourse, collectively make decisions, and engage in action to create a world together.” Having right relationships in the political sphere requires examining and establishing just pro- cesses for collective decision-making, policy planning and implementation, and establishing safe public spaces and procedures for engaging in democratic dialogue and deliberation in support of the common good.
This lesson will examine the work of Frances Moore Lappé and Paul Martin Du Bois on “Living Democracy.” They describe living democracy “as a way of life, a civic culture in which people cre- atively participate in public life.” This way of life can be cultivated through a set of corresponding skills they describe as the “arts of democracy.” These “arts” correspond directly to and build upon several of the skills and capacities explored previously in the personal and social spheres.
(Lesson 7: Political Peace 2)
Nonviolence as a Force for Personal and Political Transformation
The political sphere of peace is dynamically related to each of the other spheres of the 5 Spheres of Peace framework. “The personal is political” may seem cliché, however consciousness-raising is a significant and consistently overlooked and under-valued form of political action. Several of the “arts of democracy” explored in lesson 6 describe personal or reflective capacities, or what Dale Snauwaert described in lesson 2 as “inner moral resources.” Activity 1 of this lesson introduces a holistic framework of nonviolence as articulated by Michael Nagler and Stephanie Van Hook of the Metta Center for Nonviolence. Their integrative framing begins with a conception of nonviolence as “a living force that acts on consciousness,” drawing people together into an interconnected whole. Activity 2 of this lesson delves into nonviolence as a direct form of political action. It also introduces the Global Nonviolent Action Database, a marvelous resource for studying nonviolent campaigns spanning from 1170 BC to the present.
Lessons 8-12 Coming Soon
Approximate Schedule of Curriculum Release Dates:
- Weeks 8-9: Institutional Peace (March 2013)
- Weeks 10-11: Ecological Peace (March 2013)
- Week 12: Holistic Peace (March 2013)